Abstract: The values, norms, attitudes, and symbols within military organizations have traditionally been somewhat aligned with masculine traits. The aim of this paper is to investigate the precise manifestations of masculinity within the organizational culture of military institutions and to compare it with formal efforts and politics. The systematic review identified existing peer-reviewed literature in English or Czech in two electronic databases – Web of Science and Scopus. It was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The results confirm the expectation that, despite formal instruments and standards supporting gender equality, the military is an organization still strongly based on masculine characteristics and associated with values and norms traditionally attributed to men. Nevertheless, in line with broader societal movements toward gender equality, there is some evidence of an attempt to integrate feminine aspects into the organizational culture of military institutions.
Authors: Eva Štěpánková, Kristýna Binková, Petr Čech, Anna Karadencheva
Keywords: Organizational culture, military, gender, gender equality, systematic review