Abstract: This article is a reflection of civil defence training as a basic element of education. The research focuses on the period after the Czechoslovak Republic in 1918 to the time before World War II in 1939. The aim of the research is to explore the basic approaches to the implementation of civil defence training in terms of the creation of a new state and in relation to civil defence education in Czechoslovakia. A comparative historical analysis forms the basis of the research into the issue of statehood through education. The comparative historical analysis method is used as a specific tool for qualitative research. This is a procedure which can be applied to the basic elements of the statehood issue in education, through which it is possible to learn more about this phenomenon and subsequently explain it.
Perceptions and ideas about the tasks of the state have gradually changed and evolved. This includes the creation and development of the legal order, and the provision of security and public order within the state. Civil defence training was targeted in such a way as to create an environment in which every citizen, irrespective of their nationality, religion, political opinion and social environment, had the physical and mental ability and willingness to enthusiastically and faithfully fulfil their civic duties.
Authors: Štěpán Kavan, Martin Trčka
Keywords: Civil defence training, Czechoslovak Republic, Statehood